How it works
Carbon footprint
Measuring carbon footprint

Carbon footprint is the total sum of greenhouse gas emissions from the production, use, processing and disposal of a product or service.

Carbon footprint is the total sum of greenhouse gas emissions from the production, use, processing and disposal of a product or service.

It is expressed in tonnes of CO2 equivalent (CO2e).

Carbon footprint includes all emissions that are released into the atmosphere as a result of the activities of enterprises and institutions . The most common greenhouse gas is carbon dioxide. Others are methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O) and fluorinated gases (HFCs), which are trapped in the atmosphere causing the global greenhouse effect. Each of them has a separate greenhouse effect, and therefore contribute to global warming to a different extent.

Measuring your carbon footprint is the first step to achieving zero emissions . Any institution that takes action to reduce GHG emissions should start by measuring its carbon footprint.

The average carbon footprint of an Earth inhabitant is 7 tons per year . It does not seem much, but when this number is multiplied by the global population, we reach the amount of over 50 billion tons per year.

However, the disproportions between the individual contribution to the greenhouse effect of the inhabitants of individual countries are huge. Carbon footprint of the average US citizen is over 100 times greater than that of Malawi, Africa.

This is the reason why most of the companies reducing their carbon footprint come from developed economies.

A strategy to reduce your carbon footprint requires well-planned and structured actions. The whole process should start with measurement, according to the saying ‘you cannot manage something that you do not measure’.

Carbon footprint measurement methodology is based on the international standard ISO 14 064.

Scopes of carbon footprint

Carbon footprint of an organization is expressed in 3 scopes:

Scope 1 is the emissions directly related to the activities of the organization
It is an emission related to the production processes in the enterprise, the use of fixed assets, equipment and the company’s fleet.

Scope 2 is the Indirect emissions related to the energy demand of the organization
It is an emission related to the electricity and heat consumption in the enterprise.

Scope 3 is the indirect emissions related to activities of contractors and suppliers of the organization and supply chains of organization’s products and services.
It is an emission generated in the supply chain, related to services and products provided by contractors and trade partners of the entrepreneur.

Carbon footprint can be calculated for the entire organization or for separate scopes. It is often related to a product or service offered by a company.

Information about carbon footprint is more often found on the packaging of products that we buy in stores , train tickets or airplane tickets.

The size of carbon footprint is the basis for the reduction or offsetting of emissions. If an institution plans to become carbon neutral, it must reduce or offset as many tonnes of CO2e emissions as its carbon footprint for a given year.

How can you lower your carbon footprint?